Monument to the Great Fire of London

A Towering Tribute to Resilience

Standing tall and proud amidst the bustling streets of London, the Monument to the Great Fire of London serves as a poignant reminder of one of the city’s most dramatic historical events. With its soaring column and rich symbolism, this iconic landmark offers visitors a fascinating glimpse into the past while celebrating the resilience and spirit of Londoners. Let’s embark on a journey to uncover the history and significance of this remarkable Monument.

A Beacon of Hope and Resilience

Constructed between 1671 and 1677, the Monument was designed by Sir Christopher Wren and Robert Hooke to commemorate the Great Fire of London, which ravaged the city in 1666. Rising to a height of 202 feet (62 metres), the column stands as a symbol of hope and resilience in the face of adversity, a testament to the enduring spirit of Londoners who rose from the ashes to rebuild their beloved city.

Architectural Splendor and Symbolism

The Monument’s distinctive design reflects the architectural style of the late 17th century, characterised by its graceful proportions and Baroque flourishes. A fluted Doric column rises from a square pedestal adorned with intricate reliefs depicting scenes from the Great Fire and the subsequent reconstruction efforts.

At the pinnacle of the column, a gilded urn symbolises the flames that engulfed London during the inferno, while a bronze dragon at the base represents the fire’s ferocity. Together, these elements form a powerful visual narrative of destruction, renewal, and resilience that resonates with visitors worldwide.

Ascend to New Heights

For those willing to brave the 311 steps to the top, a breathtaking panoramic view of London’s skyline awaits. From this lofty vantage point, visitors can marvel at the modern metropolis that has risen from the ashes of the past, with iconic landmarks such as St. Paul’s Cathedral, the Shard, and the Tower Bridge stretching out before them.

As you ascend the spiral staircase, informational plaques offer insights into the history and significance of the Monument, providing a deeper appreciation for the enduring legacy of the Great Fire and its impact on the city and its inhabitants.

Fun Facts

The Monument to the Great Fire of London, often simply referred to as The Monument, is a remarkable landmark with a rich history. Here are some fun facts about this iconic structure:

  • Design and Construction: The Monument was designed by Sir Christopher Wren and Robert Hooke and built between 1671 and 1677. It was erected to commemorate the Great Fire of London, which ravaged the city in 1666, and to celebrate its recovery and rebuilding efforts.
  • Height: Standing at an impressive height of 202 feet (61.5 meters), The Monument is one of the tallest isolated stone columns in the world. It is also the tallest Doric column in the world.
  • Spiral Staircase: Inside The Monument is a spiral staircase with 311 steps leading to a viewing platform at the top. Visitors who climb the stairs are rewarded with panoramic views of the London skyline, providing a unique perspective of the city.
  • Inscription: The base of The Monument features a description in Latin, which translates to “This pillar was set up in perpetual remembrance of the most dreadful burning of this Protestant city, begun and carried on by the treachery and malice of the Popish faction, in the beginning of September, in the year of our Lord 1666, to the carrying on their horrid plot for extirpating the Protestant religion and old English liberty and introducing popery and slavery.”
  • Restoration: The Monument has undergone several restorations and renovations over the years to ensure its preservation. The most recent major restoration occurred in 2007, during which the structure was cleaned, repaired, and strengthened.
  • Ceremony: The laying of the final stone of The Monument in 1677 was marked by a ceremony attended by King Charles II. A wooden brazier filled with firewood was lit at the top of the column to symbolise the Great Fire that had devastated the city more than a decade earlier.
  • Pudding Lane Bakers: To honour the bravery of the Pudding Lane bakers, who first raised the alarm about the fire, The Monument’s height is exactly 202 feet away from the site of their bakery.

These fun facts highlight The Monument’s significance and architectural marvel to the Great Fire of London, serving as a reminder of the city’s resilience and enduring spirit in the face of adversity.

Plan Your Visit

Address: Monument St, London EC3R 8AH, United Kingdom

Accessibility: The Monument is conveniently located near several public transportation options, including Monument tube station (served by the Circle and District lines) and numerous bus routes. The entrance to the Monument is wheelchair accessible, with a lift available for visitors with mobility needs.

Nearby Attractions: After visiting the Monument, why not explore the surrounding area? Stroll along the picturesque banks of the River Thames, visit nearby landmarks such as the Tower of London and Tower Bridge, or wander through the historic streets of the City of London, home to centuries of rich history and culture. More info here.


In the heart of London’s bustling metropolis, the Monument to the Great Fire of London stands as a solemn tribute to the resilience and spirit of a city that rose from the ashes to rebuild and thrive. Whether you’re a history enthusiast, an architecture buff, or simply curious about London’s past, visiting this iconic landmark will surely leave a lasting impression. So, why not pay homage to the indomitable spirit of Londoners past and present by exploring the Monument and its rich history? Your journey awaits amidst this remarkable landmark’s soaring heights and storied past.

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